August 5:August 5, 2012
August 5: Arlington National Cemetery
As war descended on Virginia, Robert E. Lee and his wife Mary fled their 1,100-acre Virginia estate, known as Arlington, which overlooked Washington, D.C.
In 1863 the U.S. government confiscated it for nonpayment of $92.07 in taxes.
Meanwhile, President Lincoln gave permission for a cemetery to be built on the property, including a burial vault on the estate’s former rose garden. The idea was that, should Lee ever return, he would “have to look at these graves and see the carnage that he had created,” according to his biographer Elizabeth Brown Pryor.
After the war, the Lees quietly looked into reclaiming Arlington but took no action before they died. In 1877 their oldest son, George Washington Custis Lee, sued the federal government for confiscating Arlington illegally; the Supreme Court agreed and gave it back to him. But what could the Lee family do with an estate littered with corpses? George Lee sold it back to the government for $150,000.
Over time, 250,000 soldiers would be buried in what is now Arlington National Cemetery.
Read other surprising facts about the Civil War at: http://www.history.com/news/10-surprising-civil-war-facts?cmpid=INT_Outbrain_HITH_HIS&obref=obnetwork